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Innovation and Its Discontents: U.S. and German Models of Military Innovation and the Dual-Use Conundrum

November 12, 2020 @ 10:00 am - 11:00 am EST

Increasingly, government investment in “emerging technologies” aims to harness dual-use, private-sector innovation to achieve national goals. Dual-use technologies are increasingly critical to national economies, labor forces, and security. For major powers and innovators, governments and their private sectors both contribute to investment in technology development. What are the drivers behind the development? How does funding impact innovation? To what extent does military integration of resulting technologies play a role? Are there opportunities for U.S.-German partnership in the areas of AI and additive manufacturing?
Dr. Amy J. Nelson, Research Associate at the Center for International and Security Studies (CISSM), University of Maryland
Dr. Bastian Giegerich, Director, Defense and Military Analysis, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London, UK

Dr. Amy J. Nelson is a Research Associate at the Center for International and Security Studies (CISSM) at the University of Maryland and conducted this study in this capacity with funding from the Carnegie Corporation of New York. She is also a Fellow at the National Defense University’s Center for the Study of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Her research focuses on disruptive technologies and their impact on proliferation, as well as improving the efficacy of arms control. She was previously a Robert Bosch Fellow in residence at the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) in Berlin, Germany where her research focused on the state of German military innovation and prospects for U.S.-German competition and cooperation. Dr. Nelson also serves on the Advisory Board of the Mission Dialogue Initiative of IISS.

Prior to that, Dr. Nelson was a Nonresident Fellow at the Stimson Center, a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, and a policy analyst in the State Department’s Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls in Washington, D.C.  She held pre-doctoral fellowships at the Stimson Center and SIPRI North America and conducted research as a member of the U.S. arms control delegation to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), which maintains the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty. She received her B.A. in Philosophy with honors from Stanford University, has an M.A. in Intellectual History from Columbia University, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley.

Dr. Bastian Giegerich is the Director of Defense and Military Analysis at The International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). He leads the research team that produces the IISS annual flagship publication The Military Balance, oversees the development of the Military Balance+ online database, and contributes to research and consultancy work. From 2010–15 Dr. Giegerich worked for the German Federal Ministry of Defense in research and policy roles, while also serving as the IISS Consulting Senior Fellow for European Security.

Dr. Giegerich is the author and editor of several books on European security and defense matters. He has taught international relations, military studies and public administration courses at the London School of Economics, the University of Potsdam, and the University of Kassel. He has also worked at the Aspen Institute Berlin. During the 1999/2000 academic year, Dr. Giegerich was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Maryland, College Park, MD. He holds a Masters in Political Science from the University of Potsdam and a PhD in International Relations from the London School of Economics.


November 12, 2020
10:00 am - 11:00 am
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