Germany’s dramatic change in foreign and defense policy is a direct result of the unprovoked Russian invasion of Ukraine. Berlin quickly imposed sanctions on Russia in conjunction with its EU partners and the United States. It also took bilateral steps such as freezing the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. Further measures remain on the table as Germany seeks to reduce its dependency on imports of Russian gas, oil, and coal and accelerate its transition to renewable energy sources. Chancellor Olaf Scholz and his coalition government have pledged to establish a €100 billion defense fund and stated that German defense spending will rise to at least 2 percent of GDP (up from 1.53 percent in 2021, according to NATO data).
German actions to implement these commitments will play a crucial role in the Western response to Moscow’s aggression, strengthening NATO’s defense and helping meet the threat Russia poses to European security. Join the ACG and the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies (AICGS) for a hybrid event with Bundestag member Metin Hakverdi (SPD) on Friday, April 1.